Gerakan Pemuda Ansor Chairman H. Yaqut Cholil Qoumas (center) speaks to Indonesian media in May of 2017, following adoption of the Gerakan Pemuda Ansor Declaration on Humanitarian Islam by Nahdlatul Ulama’s 5-million-member young adults organization. H. Alfa Isnaeni, the Commandant of Ansor’s militia, Banser, stands to one side. The Arabic text is point 13 of the Declaration, which reads:
“If Muslims do not address the key tenets of Islamic orthodoxy that authorize and explicitly enjoin such violence, anyone—at any time—may harness the orthodox teachings of Islam to defy what they claim to be the illegitimate laws and authority of an infidel state and butcher their fellow citizens, regardless of whether they live in the Islamic world or the West.”
The three linked buttons, from right to left, state: “Read the Declaration”; “Read the Political Communiqué”; and “Media Analysis”
Between February and March 2019, over 20,000 Nahdlatul Ulama scholars and their followers from all 34 of Indonesia’s provinces gathered at Miftahul Huda al-Azhar Islamic Boarding School in Banjar, West Java, to attend the 2019 National Conference of NU Religious Scholars (Musyawarah Nasional Alim Ulama NU), or Munas. These scholars produced a detailed set of theological arguments in support of — and a practical road map to achieve — the aspirations expressed in the Document on Human Fraternity, including new ijtihad (independent legal reasoning) that abolishes the legal category of infidel within Islamic law; theologically legitimizes the nation state and laws derived from modern political processes; and establishes a religious obligation for Muslims to foster peace rather than wage war on behalf of their co-religionists, whenever conflict erupts between Muslim and non-Muslim populations anywhere in the world. These groundbreaking theological arguments — including Arabic translations of NU’s legal analysis and rulings — can be accessed via the home page of the Arabic website (pictured below).